USEFUL INFORMATION




Breast self-examination

WHEN;
 
  • ASCO recommends breast self-examination every month from the age of 20 years and over.
  • The self-examination must be performed 7–8 days after menstruation (approximately 3 days after the last day of your period).
  • For women that do not have period it must be performed on a fixed day of the month.
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HOW?

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Use the soft tip of the three middle fingers joined together so that you can create a uniform, flat surface with them.
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With small circular movements, without lifting the figures we control the area around the breast.
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Check your breast, from top to bottom
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From the outside to the inside
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and circularly


First check the entire breast with a small pressure and repeat the same procedure with a little higher pressure, so that you can examine deeper points of your breast.
BEGIN
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Begin the self-examination of your breast in front of a mirror. Stand with your palms touching your hips (the sides of your pelvis) and your shoulders being straight. First examine visually your breast regarding its size, shape and color.
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Next you will have to lift your arms behind your head and push your breast forward.
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Place your hands at the height of your hips and lean a little toward the mirror, pushing your elbows and shoulders to the front.
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Press every nipple gently with your thumb and index finger and check if there is any pain or exit of a fluid (milky-white, purulent-yellow or bloody-red) from one of them.
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Raise your right arm behind your head and with 3-4 fingers of the left hand begin to palpate your right breast pressing its flat points.
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Lie down with one hand above your head and with a small pillow under the shoulder and palpate. At this position the examination of the breast is better and easier.
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You must inform your physician if you notice:

  • Swelling, bulge or crease in the skin,
  • Skin like “orange peel”,
  • Nipple intrusion (nipple “pulled” to the inside, instead of the outside),
  • Redness,
  • Edema (swelling),
  • Exit of blood or of a fluid of other color from the nipple,
  • Veins that are visible under the skin.